Cloudy Urine: Normal urine is clear and has a straw-yellow color. When the urine does not have its characteristic clear appearance, it is often referred to as cloudy, turbid, or foamy urine. Cloudy or foamy urine may occur occasionally due to mild dehydration; when it occurs in the absence of symptoms and goes away rapidly, it is usually of little consequence. Certain conditions can cause excess protein or crystalline substances in the urine, causing it to persistently appear cloudy or foamy.
Infections anywhere in the urinary tract (UTIs), including the bladder or urethra, in both men and women, can cause blood and pus to appear in the urine, giving it a cloudy appearance. In women with vaginitis (such as yeast vaginitis or sexually transmitted infections [sexually transmitted diseases, STDs] like gonorrhea), the vaginal discharge, if present, may sometimes contaminate the urine sample, making the urine appear cloudy.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) happens when bacteria get into your bladder, kidneys, or urethra. That’s where urine comes out. Along with cloudy urine, you’ll notice symptoms like:
- Burning or pain when you pee
- A need to go more often than usual
- Leaking urine
- Smelly or bloody urine
- Pain in your lower belly
Your urine can turn cloudy when you don’t drink enough. A lack of fluid makes urine more concentrated. It will also turn a darker color. You can solve this problem by drinking more water every day. When you get enough fluids, your urine will be clear and light yellow in color.
What Causes Cloudy Urine
Cloudy urine can be caused by many different medical conditions, ranging from relatively benign to severe. These conditions can include dehydration, a urinary tract infection, sexually transmitted infections, kidney stones, diabetes, and others.
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common cause of cloudy urine. UTIs are infections that occur anywhere along the urinary tract. They can affect the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys.
UTIs are more common in women than in men, because women have a shorter urethra that is more easily contaminated by vaginal and fecal bacteria.
UTIs happen when bacteria grow out of control. Your body sends white blood cells to fight the infection. These cells are often excreted in the urine. When white blood cells mix with urine, it appears cloudy or milky.
Urinary Tract Infections in Both Women and Men
An increased amount of discharge in the form of blood or pus can occur when you have a urinary tract infection (UTI), which can cloud urine. This can happen in both men and women. An excess of white blood cells used by the body to fight a urinary tract infection can also.
Urinary tract infections occur when bacteria invade urine and travel up into your bladder. Women are at higher risk of developing a UTI than men.
Kidney stones are abnormal deposits of minerals and salts that form inside your urinary tract. They can grow quite large and cause a great deal of pain.
Kidney stones can also become lodged inside your urinary tract, where they can cause an infection and blockages. Cloudy urine may be a sign that you have a kidney stone or that a kidney stone has led to an infection.
You Have A Sexually Transmitted Infection
Just like with a UTI, if you have a sexually transmitted infection, your body will typically create an inflammatory response at the site of the problem. This can lead to you peeing out pus that results in cloudy pee, Dr. Cooper says.
You Have Type 1 Or Type 2 Diabetes
It’s not like having cloudy urine for a few days without any other symptoms is a sure sign you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. It’s more complicated than that—while symptoms of type 1 diabetes often set in within a few weeks, type 2 diabetes can be asymptomatic or take years to show up, according to the NIDDK. However, both forms of this health condition can cause cloudy urine in some people.
You Have Something Called Vaginitis
Vaginitis is basically inflammation of the vagina, and it can also bring about murky urine along with abnormal vaginal discharge and an unpleasant odor, plus itching, and possibly even pain during sex, says Ayoub.
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Vaginitis can also develop as a result of an allergic reaction to certain irritants and chemicals in personal care products like soaps or perfumed feminine products.
What Does It Mean If Your Urine Is Cloudy?
The cloudy look typically comes from discharge of either pus or blood into the urinary tract. It could also be a buildup of white blood cells as the body tries to eliminate invading bacteria.
Is Cloudy Urine A Sign Of Cancer?
Cloudy Urine. They may be a symptom of kidney stones, blood in the urine (microhematuria) caused by infection of the kidneys or bladder, even late stages of prostate cancer or prostate enlargement manifest cloudy urine brought on by blood or sediment that has accumulated in an obstructed bladder.
What Does Cloudy Urine Look Like?
Cloudy urine can be a sign of a urinary tract infection. It can also be a symptom of some chronic diseases and kidney conditions. In some cases, cloudy urine is another sign of being dehydrated. Cloudy urine with foam or bubbles is called pneumaturia.
Is Cloudy Pee A Sign Of Pregnancy?
Why You Might Have Cloudy Urine During Pregnancy. One of the earliest signs of pregnancy you might experience is frequent urination. There are a number of reasons why your urine might look cloudy, including infection, dehydration, and other conditions, like preeclampsia.